FOR too long, the relationship between prosperity and environment has been seen as a trade-off. Tackling pollution was considered an unwelcome cost on industry and a handicap to economic growth.
But global trends are demonstrating that this is no longer the case. It’s now clear that sustainable development is the only form of development that makes sense, including in financial and economic terms.
The drive towards a pollution-free planet provides an opportunity to innovate and become more competitive.
The rapidly falling cost of energy from renewable sources, such as wind and solar power, means the countries leading the shift away from fossil fuels will reap the greatest benefits to their economies, as well as their environments.
These countries will have better, faster transport networks and more flexible power grids.
The energy revolution currently unfolding is a game changer, as is the increased mobilisation around climate.
With the transition to green and sustainable development under way, we now need to focus on how to intensify and accelerate these trends in order to protect the environment, combat climate change and curb pollution. As I see it, there are five critical pieces to this puzzle:
WE need political leadership and partnerships. A global compact on pollution would ensure sustained engagement at the highest level and make prevention a priority for all;
It would also encourage policymakers and other key partners, including the private sector, to integrate prevention into national and local planning, development processes, and business and finance strategies.
We need the right policies. Environmental governance needs to be strengthened — with targeted action on “hard-hitting” pollutants through risk assessments and enhanced implementation of environmental legislation, including multilateral environmental agreements, and other measures.
We need a new approach to managing our lives and economies. Sustainable consumption and production, through improved resource efficiency and lifestyle changes, should be promoted. Waste reduction and management must be prioritised.
We need to invest big. Mobilising finance and investment in low-carbon opportunities and cleaner production and consumption will drive innovation and help to counter pollution. Increased funding is also needed for research, pollution monitoring, infrastructure, management and control; and
We need advocacy for action. Citizens need to be informed and inspired to reduce their own pollution footprint and advocate for bold pollution-beating commitments from the public and private sectors.
With the UN Environment Assembly just over a month away, we now have the opportunity to dramatically step up our ambitions.
Science is delivering great advances in our understanding of pollution and its impacts on people, economies and the environment.
Citizens are more aware than ever before of how pollution affects their lives and they are demanding action on what has become a critical public health issue.
At the same time, experts and businesses are developing the technology to tackle these problems at all scales, from local to global. Financiers are increasingly ready to support them, while international bodies and forums, including the United Nations, stand ready to help to channel this momentum and turn it into firm action.
The responsibility for driving change on this broad front is shared among and within nations. Government policies and programmes will play a central role, both nationally and internationally. Businesses, consumers, investors, community groups and thought leaders must also be fully involved if we are to succeed.
Technology and economic innovation are key, as is mobilising finance at scale. Investments need to be harnessed to address climate and pollution challenges.
Erik Solheim is Head of UN Environment